Truth and Conscience

By Dan Vis
July 29, 2019
Comments: 10

Ready for another challenging post from the early days of our ministry? This one was reconstructed from lecture notes on a class I only remember teaching once about the connection between truth and conscience. But it significantly impacted my thinking. Glad I stumbled onto it and could bring back more "classic FAST".

There's a common misconception about how the conscience works going around. I've run into on multiple occasions, and you probably have too. In fact, you may have even seen things from this perspective yourself at times.

I typically see it when giving Bible studies. I'll be teaching some basic principle of Scripture, and lay out the relevant verses in as clear and simple a way as I can. And as I go through the lesson, I ask a series of small decision questions. Does this make sense? Is this clear? Can you see this is what the Bible teaches? All through the study, my partner will be nodding their head in general agreement.

And then come these problem words:

"Yes, I can see this is what the Bible teaches, but the Holy Spirit hasn't convicted me to make that change yet".

The truth of Scripture is clear, but they are waiting for some sort of feeling from the conscience to confirm it is time to act on what the Bible teaches. The misconception is that the conscience sends a signal apart from our ability to discern truth. It's a subtle, but deadly trick of the enemy.

I'm convinced this understanding of the conscience is flawed. And unless the misconception is corrected, it can keep a person from acting on the vital spiritual principles they need to experience real life transformation.

Understanding Conviction

Actually, the word "convict" or "conviction" is not found a single time in the KJV version of the Bible. And the word "convicted" only appears once. In that verse, conviction does seem to be connected with the work of the conscience:

John 8:9
And they which heard it, being convicted by their own conscience, went out one by one, beginning at the eldest, even unto the last: and Jesus was left alone, and the woman standing in the midst.

But the Greek word translated as "convicted" in the verse above is found an additional 15 times in the New Testament. And interestingly enough, in none of those other verses is the conscience ever mentioned.

The Greek word we're talking about is the word elegcho and it means to convince, rebuke or reprove. In Matthew 18:15Moreover if thy brother shall trespass against thee, go and tell him his fault between thee and him alone: if he shall hear thee, thou hast gained thy brother., it is used in the instruction to go and "tell" those who wrong us their fault privately. It's used in Luke 3:19But Herod the tetrarch, being reproved by him for Herodias his brother Philip's wife, and for all the evils which Herod had done, to describe how John the Baptist "reproved" Herod for evils he had done. Paul told Timothy he needed to "rebuke" openly those that sin against leaders in the church (I Timothy 5:19-2019 Against an elder receive not an accusation, but before two or three witnesses. 20 Them that sin rebuke before all, that others also may fear.). And leaders themselves are encouraged to use the Word to "convince" those who reject sound doctrine (Titus 1:9Holding fast the faithful word as he hath been taught, that he may be able by sound doctrine both to exhort and to convince the gainsayers.).

In every case, the word elegcho describes some process by which God sends a message to an individual. That message, whether received or not, is itself the "reproof" God sends.

In most of these verses, God uses some individual to deliver the message. But in a couple instances, like James 2:9But if ye have respect to persons, ye commit sin, and are convinced of the law as transgressors., God uses His Word directly (on in this case, His Law) to "convince" us of sin. That appears to be what is being described in John 8:9And they which heard it, being convicted by their own conscience, went out one by one, beginning at the eldest, even unto the last: and Jesus was left alone, and the woman standing in the midst., the verse mentioned above. It was the words Jesus traced in the sand that "convicted" (reproved, convinced) the woman's accusers of sin. The feelings they felt when reading those words is irrelevant: the conviction got through.

In other words, conviction is not a feeling that confirms we should act on truth. Rather it is the message of truth God sends to us, regardless of whether or not we feel impressed to act on it. If we see truth, we're accountable, from that instant on.

What role then does conscience play?

The Role of Conscience

In some ways, our misconceptions about the conscience parallel our misconceptions about conviction. Rather than conscience triggering a "feeling" we should act on something reason discerns as true, conscience is actually the means by which we discern truth.

The Bible describes the conscience as a spiritual faculty resulting from traces of the Law of God imprinted in the heart of every person, by virtue of creation, whether we are a believer or not (See Romans 2:14-1514 For when the Gentiles, which have not the law, do by nature the things contained in the law, these, having not the law, are a law unto themselves: 15 Which shew the work of the law written in their hearts, their conscience also bearing witness, and their thoughts the mean while accusing or else excusing one another;)). This imprint of God's Law simply "bears witness" to whether or not something is true.

Paul wrote that the Holy Spirit used his conscience to "bear witness" his burden for Israel was genuine (Romans 9:1-21 I say the truth in Christ, I lie not, my conscience also bearing me witness in the Holy Ghost, 2 That I have great heaviness and continual sorrow in my heart.). And in another place he wrote that the "testimony of his conscience" confirmed the simplicity and sincerity of his ministry (II Corinthians 1:12For our rejoicing is this, the testimony of our conscience, that in simplicity and godly sincerity, not with fleshly wisdom, but by the grace of God, we have had our conversation in the world, and more abundantly to you-ward.).

Furthermore, he explains that the focus of his ministry was to speak truth to conscience, not to reason or intellect. His goal was by "manifestation of the truth" to commend himself "to every man's conscience in the sight of God" (II Corinthians 4:2But have renounced the hidden things of dishonesty, not walking in craftiness, nor handling the word of God deceitfully; but by manifestation of the truth commending ourselves to every man's conscience in the sight of God.). Paul understood that the real faculty by which man discerns truth is the conscience. "The natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him: neither can he know them, because they are spiritually discerned." (I Corinthians 2:14But the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him: neither can he know them, because they are spiritually discerned.).

In other words, when you see something is true in the Bible, the fact you see it, is itself evidence the conscience is working. The conscience doesn't need to send some separate signal or feeling to confirm reason. As soon as you discern a message is true, conscience has already validated it.

The Heart of the Problem

The real problem is not God's ability to get a message through to us. "Reproofs of instruction are the way of life" (Proverbs 6:23For the commandment is a lamp; and the law is light; and reproofs of instruction are the way of life:). And in my experience, if a person will consider the Word with "an honest and good heart" (Luke 8:15But that on the good ground are they, which in an honest and good heart, having heard the word, keep it, and bring forth fruit with patience.), it's not that hard to discern if something is true. The core problem is more our unwillingness to act on the messages God sends.

When God sends a reproof we know is true, through whatever channel, the question should not be, am I convicted about this? Or how does this make me feel? Or do I have an impression to act on it? The fact we have discerned the message is true means God has sent it, and it has been properly validated by our conscience.

Rather, our questions should be, is this information accurate, correct, right? Is this really what the Bible teaches? As soon as we discern a message is true, we've been convicted.

And if so, our real focus should be on our response. The response of a healthy, mature believer is to automatically ask: Lord, what would you have me to do? We need to be decisive and determined about acting on God's Word. We must cultivate a character that responds instantly--concerned only that our actions are faithful to God's Word. Or to quote Paul, once more:

Acts 24:16
And herein do I exercise myself, to have always a conscience void to offence toward God, and toward men.


Don't fall for the misconception truth is discerned primarily by the intellect, reason, or any other human faculty, and that it needs to be confirmed by some separate "feeling" sent off by the conscience. The message itself, is the reproof, and our ability to know it is true, is the conscience.

Rather, focus your efforts on personal implementation of whatever message God sends. Failing to do so loads our conscience with a burden of guilt and hinders its future usefulness. Whereas consistently responding to truth keeps the conscience clear, sensitive, and effectual.

It's not about feelings, but simple personal integrity.

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Have you encountered this particular misconception? Or perhaps been influenced by it yourself? How important is it to understand how the conscience works? To always act on truth God sends to us? Share a comment below...

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Posted by Dan Vis on 07/30/19  
That could explain how mine slipped in before yours Qing. :)
Posted by Qing Ling on 07/30/19  
Thanks Dan :) Yes, it's because I went to sleep mid-post and when i resumed this morning, I had to refresh the page a couple times before my post went through. This was a great article/forum that bounced off so many other great insights, I had to give it lots of thought before hitting send!
Posted by Dan Vis on 07/30/19  
Guess our posts crossed each other in cyberspace Qing. But wow, what a cool quote. :)
Posted by Qing Ling on 07/30/19  
Valerie you got the crux of it: we are to respond with a child's heart!

Carole you read my thoughts. This memo reminded me of a quote that I love:
"When an honest man, honestly mistaken, comes face-to-face with undeniable and irrefutable truth, he is faced with one of two choices, he must either cease being mistaken or cease being honest." - Amicus Solo
If we agree with a teaching, our conscience has indeed declared it as truth. and if we agree that something is truth, then we must live by it, or be condemned to lose the life-giving power of Truth (John 14:6Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me.):
"It is a universal principle that whenever one refuses to use his God-given powers, these powers decay and perish. Truth that is not lived, that is not imparted, loses its life-giving power, its healing virtue. - EG White

And since Jesus = Truth, I dare not bury truth to avoid the hard work it takes to live by it. GW Carver said it right: "Be too brave to lie". It takes courage to live by the truth sometimes.

Deborah sounds like you already have a great tip there in Proverbs 16:3Commit thy works unto the LORD, and thy thoughts shall be established..

Perhaps you could pray and claim: "Teach me thy way, O LORD; I will walk in thy truth: unite my heart to fear thy name." Psalms 86:11Teach me thy way, O LORD; I will walk in thy truth: unite my heart to fear thy name.

I like the word UNITE in that verse. Integrity is the state of being whole and undivided. So if we believe something is true but behave in the opposite way, then our heart is not united with our actions. This is why the opposite of integrity is hypocrisy.

Paul that's a great connection you made there. I won't look at Romans 10:17So then faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God. the same again!
Posted by Dan Vis on 07/30/19  
Great post Valerie. I think you grabbed the most important line in the whole article. And then your thoughts on Acts 24:16And herein do I exercise myself, to have always a conscience void to offence toward God, and toward men. open up a whole field of possibility. Thanks!

Glad you enjoyed this Carole. That is a pretty solemn thought, isn't it?

You are very welcome Eunice.

Hi Deborah! Glad this was helpful. As for your question, I'm pretty sure you have read Moral Machinery, but it might be worth going back and rereading it. Especially the chapters 3 & 4. Chapter 3 lays out the proper balance between our faculties, and chapter 4 is the process for victory. Of course, you got a great verse there that can work wonders I'm sure! :) Say hi to Steve...

Some great questions Paul, and I see things pretty similarly. Referring to the Moral Machinery again, chapter 6 deals explicitly with the connections between conscience and faith. You should read the whole book to get the full picture, but that's kind of the framework I view things from. But thanks for your great questions, and contributions to this topic. Good stuff...
Posted by Paul Carson on 07/30/19  
I like the way this memo emphasises that conscience is the spiritual faculty that bears witness to truth when heard, then conviction follows. My question: Is belief a product of conscience or of conviction?

Because spiritual things are spiritually discerned then the hurdle of conversion - from carnal to spiritual is belief - Mark 9:23Jesus said unto him, If thou canst believe, all things are possible to him that believeth.; John 3:15That whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have eternal life..

When I think about reaching others for Christ I pray that "those who are honest of heart" - "Those whose spiritual faculties are not paralyzed" COL 44 - will respond to evangelistic effort.

It seems to me that, conscience is awakened as truth is heard, then conviction clasps hands with belief to propel me to action in faith - Romans 10:17So then faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God..
Posted by Deborah Gutierrez on 07/30/19  
Thank you so much for this enlightening post! It was meaningful to me because I tend to naturally look for feelings in order to have confirmations. Do you have any tips on how to get out of the cycle of listening to your feelings when it comes to claiming God’s promises?

This is the Bible verse that came to mind and that I think God spoke to me years ago to help me not to rely on my feelings but to simply take action and rely on Him... I claim it time and again

“Commit thy works unto the Lord, and thy thoughts shall be established.”
‭‭Proverbs‬ ‭16:3
Posted by Eunice Makola on 07/29/19  
Thank you for this massage, it brought it home for me.
Posted by Carole Bliss on 07/29/19  
This has been a rich message. I love the statement, when we see truth we are accountable from that point on.
That is powerful.
Thank you for the message
Posted by Valerie Wise Burrell on 07/29/19  
"The message itself, is the reproof, and our ability to know it is true, is the conscience." You summarize the topic so completely here. It helped me to understand this topic clearly today. I have never read a definition of conscience that makes it so plain.

Also, Acts 24:16And herein do I exercise myself, to have always a conscience void to offence toward God, and toward men. is a verse on which to meditate. The words are simple but seems to sum up what my Christian walk needs to be about: "to have a conscience clear of offence to God and towards men".   If I am perfect in my walk with God then I am also able to be perfect in my conduct towards men. Understanding this does not require some great revelation but rather a child's heart to respond to the truth. Praise God!

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